Does Liberalism Make People Depressed?


There are several new studies that suggest mental health issues, particularly depression, are higher among politically liberal people. Highest of all among young women. Both young men and women who identify as liberal or progressive tend to have markedly higher instances of depression than self-identified conservatives of similar age or gender. Why? (I know that some will say it’s because liberals know what’s up while conservatives are in an alternate reality curated by FOX NEWS.)

The moral psychologist Jonathan Haidt, the author of The Righteous Mind and The Coddling of the American Mind draws together a bunch of research on this at his Substack site, “After Babel.”

The gist of it is that liberal/progressives have adopted ways of thinking that contribute to depression. For example, formulations that emphasize and, in some measure, privilege victim status. Such thinking tends to diminish a person’s sense of agency, that is, the ability to shape one’s own life.

“You are making me unsafe by speaking/allowing that speaker, here on our campus,” would be an expression of such an outlook. The problem with seeing everything through the oppressor/victim binary and identifying with or as victims, is that it by definition gives power over your life to someone else. “You made me feel this way. You have made me unsafe.” Or, “I can’t possibly do this or that, because the world is against me.” Power is thus given over to externals (outside us) rather than internals (inside us).

That said, words such as “the ideology of transgenderism must be completely eradicated,” according to a CPAC speaker, can be dangerous. And there are systemic factors that are real and limiting for many in our society. So it’s not simple. Still, there seems to me much in Haidt’s research that deserves attention.

Haidt’s colleague, Greg Lukianoff, steeped in Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT), wonders if certain patterns of thinking that have become prominent in liberal/progressives spaces incline people toward depression. “In CBT you learn to recognize when your ruminations and automatic thinking patterns exemplify one or more of about a dozen ‘cognitive distortions,’ such as catastrophizing, black-and-white thinking, fortune telling, or emotional reasoning. Thinking in these ways causes depression as well as being a symptom of depression. Breaking out of these painful distortions is a cure for depression.”

Lukianoff and Haidt wondered if some college campuses and other liberal/progressive enclaves were doing a kind of reverse CBT on people. They aren’t the only ones raising such concerns. Here’s the progressive journalist Jill Filipovic:

“I am increasingly convinced that there are tremendously negative long-term consequences, especially to young people, coming from this reliance on the language of harm and accusations that things one finds offensive are ‘deeply problematic’ or even violent. Just about everything researchers understand about resilience and mental well-being suggests that people who feel like they are the chief architects of their own life—to mix metaphors, that they captain their own ship, not that they are simply being tossed around by an uncontrollable ocean—are vastly better off than people whose default position is victimization, hurt, and a sense that life simply happens to them and they have no control over their response.”

There is some cross-over to all this in liberal and progressive churches. I’ve been in many such congregations, sometimes as a pastor, other times as a consultant or teacher. I notice that often the highpoint, in terms of energy, seems to be as people gather for worship and at the beginning of the service. The morning coffee has kicked in. People are greeting one another. There’s some sense of anticipation.

But too often it’s all downhill from there. By the end of worship in many such churches its as if the air has gone completely out of the balloon. Which is sort of the opposite of what you would want to happen. You would hope that energy would increase not decrease. Why? What’s happened?

In liberal and progressive churches there’s a lot of emphasis on the problems of the world, and on what you should be doing about it. Or maybe that it’s you who are to blame. There’s little emphasis on what God has done or is doing on our behalf or on God’s capacity to bring good out of or in the face of evil. So it’s kind of all on us.

By the end of such a worship service people are overwhelmed and depressed by having been given a list of stuff they are supposed to do to fix the world and be much better people, when they were perhaps looking for some grace, some encouragement, even comfort, in the face of life’s challenges. Sermons in such churches are often what we call in the trade “lettuce” sermons. That is they end with a lot of “let us.” “Let us go forth and bring peace to the world.” “Let us go forth determined to end the climate crisis.” “Let us be more kind and generous.”

I remember a young woman who thanked me for a sermon. She was a school teacher and mother of small children. She said, “Thank you. I don’t need to be reminded every Sunday of my responsibilities. They are staring me in the face. What I do need to be reminded of every Sunday is the grace of God.”

Without some greater framework of meaning, without some sense of a a mysterious yet persistent grace at work in the world, it tends to be all on us. Throw in the a few “cognitive distortions,” like catastrophizing or black-and-white/all-or-nothing thinking, and emotional reasoning” and you’ve got a recipe for a bunch of sad liberals.

Anthony B. Robinson
Anthony B. Robinson
Tony is a writer, teacher, speaker and ordained minister (United Church of Christ). He served as Senior Minister of Seattle’s Plymouth Congregational Church for fourteen years. His newest book is Useful Wisdom: Letters to Young (and not so young) Ministers. He divides his time between Seattle and a cabin in Wallowa County of northeastern Oregon. If you’d like to know more or receive his regular blogs in your email, go to his site listed above to sign-up.


  1. I’ve noticed a similar pattern in investing. When progressives are really down, it can be a good time to put more money in. Things are rarely as bad as the progressives think they are.

  2. Much truth here. I’ve been in a liberal profession (journalism) and in a conservative party (Republican), and the difference is clear. Thanks, Tony.

  3. The brush might be a little broad here. Where do you draw the line? I guess I’m not a “progressive” if you ask the high priests of that sect, but since I don’t believe in unfettered exploitation etc. I often seem like one to the opposing side. It’s an awfully vague category.

    It might be useful to separate the “this makes me feel unsafe” thing into a separate category. Let’s say, a general attachment to victimhood, where the right and wrong of any conflict is naturally discovered by finding a victim on one or the other side, especially if it’s yourself. Micro aggressions.

    People of that bent will certainly tend to be progressive, but the two aren’t the same thing at all. Maybe progressives tend to be too tolerant of it, as in general they tend to accept more responsibility for the welfare of others. But in the end it’s mainly used more for ideas about public policy.

  4. This is more than a broad brush when you suggest Liberalism might be a cause of depression. Depression is a diagnosis with serious consequences for the individual diagnosed. Nowhere in the literature has any political leaning been shown as cause and effect.
    In this case you offer an opinion that begs for substantiation.

  5. I think this is a ridiculous (and ideologically convenient) oversimplification – but let’s play anyway.

    Perhaps it instead just the fact that liberals understand the complexity of the world and the issues facing humanity, where conservatives put blind (and in my secular liberal view entirely unwarranted) faith in religious institutions to fix everything and thereby absolve themselves of any responsibility for the real problems that are facing us all?

    The reality of life and the suffering of the world and ALL of its creatures can be tough, and yes, maybe even depressing. But if I click my heels three times and ask Jesus to save me I don’t have to really face any of that.

    I prefer reality, bummer that it often is.


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